More than one in three people on the ketogenic diet suffer from kidney failure, but researchers have warned it may also have long-term side effects, including heart failure.
Key points:A number of people on keto have reported problems with their kidneys, including kidney failureA recent study has found that more than half of those on ketogenic diets have experienced kidney problemsThe drug has been shown to help treat kidney disease, heart failure, and chronic kidney diseaseThe University of Michigan’s Institute of Medicine is currently investigating the links between keto pills and kidney failure.
It found that up to 50% of people taking keto diets had reported problems such as a high frequency of urination, kidney stones, or abnormal blood sugar.
“A significant number of these individuals have experienced severe kidney failure and kidney damage,” lead researcher Dr Sarah Clements said in a statement.
“Although it is not possible to determine cause and effect between the two, the risk of these side effects may be higher for people taking a ketogenic approach to weight loss and kidney health.”
The study, published in the journal Nutritional Biochemistry, found that about half of the patients on ketos experienced kidney damage, and about two-thirds of the cases were caused by problems with kidney function.
A number, including many who were taking diuretics or blood thinners, also developed kidney problems.
Researchers from the institute found that people on this diet had been taking diuresters or blood thinner pills for more than a decade, so there was a long history of them.
“Diuretics are a very common form of medication that is often prescribed for people with kidney failure,” Dr Clements explained.
“They help maintain urine output and prevent fluid loss by removing water from the body.”
There is also a growing body of research showing that diuretic use may increase the risk for kidney disease.
“The drugs have been linked to an increased risk of kidney disease.
Researchers also found that almost two-fifths of those taking ketos had suffered from a chronic kidney condition such as hypertension, diabetes or kidney failure in the past year.”
These people are likely to have had some kidney failure as a result of kidney failure but also other kidney diseases such as chronic kidney failure due to a kidney condition or chronic kidney damage due to kidney failure such as kidney stones,” Dr Rene G. Gartman, the lead author of the study, told the ABC.”
People who have kidney disease may also be at increased risk for chronic kidney diseases.
“The team also found evidence of increased risk in those on the diet who were younger, had higher body mass index, had kidney disease or had high blood pressure.”
The risks for some of these factors are increased, even though they are relatively minor in the context of the overall population,” Dr Gartmen said.”
This may indicate that a person on a keto dietary approach to losing weight is at increased relative risk of developing chronic kidney conditions.””
The results show that people who are on ketotic diets are at greater risk for developing chronic disease than the general population.”‘
There is a need to identify new strategies for prevention’Dr Clements is concerned about the potential negative side effects of this diet, including complications of kidney damage.”
There are currently no effective treatments for chronic or acute kidney disease,” Dr Tanya Tung, a cardiologist at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, told ABC News.””
There is no evidence that this is likely to be the case in the general community.”
“There are currently no effective treatments for chronic or acute kidney disease,” Dr Tanya Tung, a cardiologist at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, told ABC News.
“It is important to consider the potential risks of this type of diet.”
We need to develop a new and better approach for managing chronic kidney and liver disease.